Conditions, Women's Health Services


Anaemia is a common blood disorder characterized by a shortage of red blood cells or hemoglobin, the protein responsible for transferring oxygen from the lungs to the rest of the body. Women are particularly susceptible to this condition due to menstruation, pregnancy, and menopause. When left untreated, anaemia can lead to serious health problems, including fatigue, weakness, shortness of breath, and even heart failure.

Causes of Anaemia in Women

In women, anaemia often results from iron deficiency due to heavy menstrual periods or pregnancy. Other causes include chronic diseases, such as kidney disease or cancer, vitamin deficiencies, particularly in vitamin B12 and folate, and certain genetic conditions like sickle cell anemia or thalassemia.

Diagnosing Anaemia

Diagnosing anaemia involves a complete blood count (CBC) test to measure the quantity and components of your blood. Other diagnostic tests may include Iron and Ferritin levels, Hemoglobin Electrophoresis study, a physical examination, medical history evaluation, and further blood tests to identify the exact cause of anaemia.

Managing Anaemia in Women

The management of anaemia in women largely depends on the underlying cause. For iron-deficiency anaemia (Please refer to our Iron Deficiency page for details), the primary treatment is iron supplementation and dietary changes to increase iron consumption. Foods rich in iron include leafy green vegetables, red meat, and fortified cereals.

For anaemia caused by vitamin deficiencies, supplementation or an increased dietary intake of the specific vitamin is recommended. In severe cases, or when oral supplementation is not effective, intravenous iron or vitamin B12 injections may be required.

In cases of anaemia due to chronic diseases, treating the underlying condition often helps improve anaemia. Genetic conditions may require more specialized treatments, such as blood transfusions or bone marrow transplants.

Preventing Anaemia

Eating a healthy, balanced diet rich in iron and vitamins can help prevent anaemia. Regular check-ups are also crucial, especially for menstruating women, pregnant women, and those with a family history of anaemia.


Anaemia in women is a common but manageable condition. Early detection and treatment are vital in preventing complications and improving quality of life. It is crucial to consult with a healthcare professional if you suspect you have anaemia or are at risk of developing it.

By understanding anaemia’s symptoms, causes, and treatments, women can better manage their health and wellbeing. Remember, anaemia is not just about feeling tired; it’s about your body’s ability to function optimally. Your healthcare provider can help guide you through this journey, ensuring you get the best care possible.