Conditions, Women's Health Services

Iron Deficiency

Iron deficiency is one of the most common nutritional deficiencies worldwide, particularly affecting women due to physiological factors such as menstruation and pregnancy. When the body lacks sufficient iron, it cannot produce enough healthy red blood cells to carry oxygen throughout the body. This can lead to iron deficiency anemia, a condition that can cause a range of unpleasant symptoms and complications if left untreated. Here, we will discuss the symptoms, diagnosis, and management of iron deficiency in women.

Symptoms of Iron Deficiency

The symptoms of iron deficiency can vary in severity and may initially be so mild that they go unnoticed. As iron deficiency progresses, symptoms may include:

  • Fatigue and weakness
  • Pale skin
  • Hair fall and Hair loss
  • Weight gain and difficulty to loose weight
  • Shortness of breath
  • Rapid heartbeat or heart palpitations
  • Brittle nails
  • Frequent infections and low immunity
  • Restless legs syndrome
  • Cravings for non-food substances such as ice or dirt (a condition known as pica)
  • Anxiety and low mood
  • poor sleep quality
  • Brain Fog and poor focus

Benefits of Iron Infusion

Iron infusion offers numerous benefits for patients suffering from iron deficiency. Some of the key benefits include:

Fast and Effective Treatment

Iron infusion is a quick and effective way to increase iron levels in the body, with many patients experiencing improvements in their symptoms within a few weeks.

Minimal Side Effects

While some patients may experience mild side effects such as headache or muscle pain, these are generally short-lived and can be easily managed with over-the-counter pain relief medication.

Improved Quality of Life

By addressing iron deficiency, patients can experience a boost in energy levels, improved mental clarity, reduced hair fall, better exercise performance and a reduction in symptoms such as fatigue and shortness of breath.

Who Can Benefit from Iron Infusion?

Iron infusion may be recommended for patients with:


– Iron deficiency anemia that is not responsive to oral iron supplements

– Chronic kidney disease or heart failure

– Malabsorption syndromes, such as celiac disease or inflammatory bowel disease

– Heavy menstrual bleeding or pregnancy-related iron deficiency

– Pre-surgical preparation to optimize iron levels

Diagnosis of Iron Deficiency

If you are experiencing any of the above symptoms, it is essential to consult with a healthcare provider. They can confirm a diagnosis of iron deficiency through a complete blood count (CBC) and other blood tests to measure iron levels, ferritin (the protein that stores iron), and transferrin (the protein that transports iron). If iron deficiency is confirmed, your healthcare provider may carry out further tests to determine the underlying cause.

Management of Iron Deficiency

The primary treatment for iron deficiency involves addressing the underlying cause and replenishing iron stores. This can usually be achieved through a combination of iron supplements, iron infusions and dietary changes.

Iron Supplements

Iron supplements are a common and effective treatment for iron deficiency. They are available over-the-counter or by prescription in various forms, including tablets, capsules, and liquid. Your healthcare provider can advise on the dosage and frequency of iron supplements versus Iron infusions.

Dietary Changes

Eating a balanced diet rich in iron can help prevent and treat iron deficiency. Foods high in iron include lean red meat, poultry, fish, legumes, iron-fortified cereals, and leafy green vegetables. Consuming vitamin C-rich foods alongside iron-rich foods can enhance iron absorption.

Treating Underlying Conditions

If iron deficiency is caused by an underlying condition, such as heavy menstrual bleeding or gastrointestinal disorders, these conditions need to be addressed. This may involve medication, surgery, or other treatments as recommended by your healthcare provider.


Iron deficiency can significantly impact a woman’s quality of life, but with early detection and appropriate treatment, it can be effectively managed. Regular check-ups and blood tests are crucial for women, especially those at high risk, such as pregnant women, those with heavy menstrual bleeding, or those with vegetarian or vegan diets.