Conditions, Pain Management Services


Arthritis is a chronic condition that affects the joints, causing pain, inflammation, and discomfort. It is a leading cause of disability,
impacting about 50 % of individuals over the age of 60 years in Singapore.


The causes of arthritis are multifaceted, varying with the specific type. Common types include osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, gout, psoriatic arthritis, and juvenile arthritis[2]. Key risk factors are age, certain lifestyle choices, sex, and weight[2].


Diagnosis of arthritis is typically made through a comprehensive evaluation involving a physical examination and imaging studies such as X-rays, MRIs, or ultrasounds[2]. An accurate diagnosis is critical for effective treatment[3].


While there’s no cure for arthritis, a range of treatment options can help manage the condition and alleviate symptoms[1]. These include maintaining a balanced diet and a healthy weight, engaging in regular but manageable physical activity, and balancing activity periods with rest[3]. Heat treatments, cold treatments, shockwave treatment, low level laser therapy, pulse magnetic therapy, joint injections and topical products can help ease pain and inflammation[3].

Stress management techniques, like meditation and deep breathing, along with complementary therapies such as massage and acupuncture, can also provide relief[3]. Certain supplements, such as curcumin/turmeric and omega-3 fish oil, may be beneficial, but it’s crucial to consult with a healthcare professional before starting any supplement regimen[3].
Lastly, maintaining a positive attitude and nurturing a strong support system are beneficial for emotional well-being and overall health[3]. Remember, seeking timely medical intervention is key to managing arthritis effectively.

[1] Arthritis – Diagnosis and treatment
[2] Arthritis: Symptoms, Causes, Types & Treatment
[3] Rheumatoid Arthritis: Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment