Conditions, Pain Management, Sports Medicine & Metabolic Health Services

Knee Pain

Knee pain, a common complaint, can stem from various causes including injuries, mechanical problems, types of arthritis, or
infections [3]. Understanding your symptoms is the first step towards finding relief. We’ll guide you through the journey of
understanding the causes, diagnostics, and various treatments, including intra-articular injections.

Causes of Knee Pain

Knee pain can be a result of injuries such as ACL tears or meniscus injuries. Arthritis, particularly osteoarthritis (OA), is a significant cause of knee pain, affecting 13% of elderly individuals [2]. Other causes include mechanical issues or infections [3].


Diagnosis of knee pain involves a comprehensive review of your medical history, a physical examination, and potentially imaging studies such as X-rays, ultrasound or MRI scans. These diagnostic steps help identify the underlying cause of your discomfort [3].

Treatment Options

Treatment for knee pain depends on the cause and severity of the condition. Non-surgical treatments include medication, intraarticular injections, shockwave therapy, pulse magnetic therapy, physical therapy, and lifestyle modifications [3]

Intra-Articular Injections

One commonly used non-surgical treatment for knee OA is intra-articular injections. This involves injecting drugs directly into the knee joint to reduce symptoms. The drugs used can include corticosteroids, NSAIDS, hyaluronic acid, polynucleotides, exosomes, growth factors or platelet-rich plasma [1][2]. Corticosteroid injections, in particular, can help reduce arthritis flares and provide pain relief [1].

Surgical Interventions

When non-surgical treatments aren’t enough, surgical procedures may be necessary. These can range from minimally invasive arthroscopic surgery to full joint replacement. Joint replacement is typically reserved for severe cases due to its complications and revision rates [2][3].

At Zest Clinic, we provide comprehensive knee pain treatment options, including using joint injections, shockwave treatments and physical therapy for each patient’s unique needs [3].

We’re here to help you regain mobility and lessen knee pain. Contact us today to schedule your appointment and start your journey to a pain-free life.

[1] Knee pain – Diagnosis and treatment
[2] Intra-Articular Injections in Knee Osteoarthritis: A Review of …
[3] Knee Pain Causes and Treatments